What is Android, Its History and Future?
Added: (Fri Dec 14 2018)
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What is Android, you probably do not have to ask. Android Phone is available at home in India today. Android has become a very important Mobile Platform in the world by making itself better in a very short time. By the way, many people are aware of what is Android . what are its fates, but there are many people who are brand new in the world of Android and who have any information about it not there. In this case, this article will be very fable for those people, as well as those who have a lot of information; they will also learn something new.
If so, many of us use Smartphones, but they do not know whether their mobile phone is Android or Windows or iOS. There is nothing to be bad about in it because everyone works in different fields, if a teacher tells him to cut wood, maybe he cannot do it, just as a teacher, he cannot do it to teach. . Similarly, not all people have so much information about Mobiles or Computers, mobile or internet and we will help you with this Somewhat successful.
In view of that very important purpose, today you will be giving full information about what the people is Android Operating System, so that next time you ask for any other information related to Android phones or android, you can also answer it. May be. Because I believe that if you do not know any information then there is no wrong thing in it but if you do not want to know something new then it is very wrong.
What is Android
Android is not a phone and there is no application, it's an operating system based on linux kernel. If I can say it in simple language, Linux is an operating system that is mainly used in server and desktop computer. Android is just a version of Linux which has been created after a lot of modification. Yes but it is related.
Android is an operating system that was designed keeping mobile in view. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily. Whatever you see in the display of the phone, it is only part of all operating systems. Whenever you get any call, text message or email, your OS processes it and launches it in a readable format.
Android OS has been divide into a lot of versions and according to features, operation, stability of different numbers provided. So if you've ever heard a name such as Android Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat then you should tell that these are different versions of all Android OS or Operating System.
History of Android Inc.
Android Inc. The original creators of Andy Rubin, whom Google bought in 2005, and after that he was made the head of Android Development. Google bought Android because they thought that Android is a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they can create a powerful but free operating system and which proved to be true later. With the help of Android, Google got a good access to the younger audience and with this; Google's very good employees joined Google.
What is Android Root
What is Android One
On March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and corrected his work in his second project. But after this, no fluctuation in the status of Android was found and the empty space of Andy Rubin was completed by Sundar Pichai. Pichai who is a resident of India before he used to be head of Chrome OS, and Google has used his expertise and experience in this new project.
Android is a great mobile operating system
Mobile Application Development
There are many company Developing there own mobile application for supporting the android but they need operating system to run the developed program. and the check version of operationg system to development support.
Android is one of the best mobile operating systems that has been created by Google, and the software created by Google is used today in most mobile phones in the world. Except only Apple's iPhones Android is a Linux-based software system. As Linux is an open source software and it is absolutely free with it. This means that another Mobile Company can also use Android Operating Systems. The distinguishing factor in it is that the kernel of this brand Hosts Android Central Core, which is essentially a strip code and that helps to operate the software.
Versions of Android
I have mentioned about the different version of Android Operating System. These are the versions of which Android has so far come out. And maybe we've used many for the past few years and are still doing it.
Android 1.0 Alpha
Android 1.1 Beta
Android 1.5 Cupcake
Android 1.6 DONut
Android 2.1 Eclair
Android 2.3 Froyo
Android 2.3 Gingerbread
Android 3.2 Honeycomb
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
Android 4.4 KitKat
Android 5.0 Lollipop
Android 5.1 Lollipop
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android 7.1 Nougat
Android 8.0 Oreo
Android 8.1 Oreo
Android 9.0 Pie
Android OS Evolution - Travel from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you people are using Android phones, or even using the tablets, which use the Android operating system. Let me tell you that the development of Android was done by Google and the Open Handset Alliance. After that, Android has been releasing its newest version from November 2007. A very interesting thing is that Android Versions are given a special code name and are released in alphabetic order. This work is being done from April 2009. Some of its different names are such as Cupcake, Donut, Ιclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. You may have come to know the name that it has been named after desserts all over the world.
Android Versions and Their Features
Now you are going to tell people about different versions of Android Operating System so that you know what Android has brought in different versions.
This was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
This was the first commercial version to be released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, Web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to web email servers; Gmail; Google Contacts; Google Calendar; Google maps; Google Sync; Google Search; Google Talk; YouTube; Wi-Fi and more
This version is also known as "Petit Four" and it was released on February 9, 2009. The longer in-call screen timeout feature was default when you used the speakerphone. Along with this it was also convenient to save the attachments of messages in it.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert. This updated version had many such features such as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions, and with it you could upload photos to videos in Picasa and YouTube.
Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and based on the Linux Kernel 2.6.29. There were many such features in this version such as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. Along with this, they also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
Android 2.0 / 2.1 Eclair
On October 26, 2009, Eclair was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. This change also had many features like expanded Account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support. With this, you could call, SMS or email someone by tapping Contacts photo with the help of Search all saved SMS and MMS. With this, other facilities like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.
Android 2.2.x Froyo
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. There were many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, and support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager. etc. It used to support Gingerbread and many things such as multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version was released on Android 3.0 on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. There was a new virtual and "holographic" user interface with which the added system bars, action bar and redesigned keyboard were also attached. In addition to this, it was also available in multitasking; allow multiple browser tabs, providing quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk.
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011. This version could easily be made by folders, many features like separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screen shot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, along with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste There were also features like functionality, built in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag. Android 4.0 consists of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) in June 27, 2012, and was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main purpose of this version was to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface. This version has many features like bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, Google Wallet with it, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.
In its second version, which was 4.2, there were many new features like new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers etc.
Android 4.4 "KitKat"
Google released Android 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, and with that Nexus 5 Smartphone. This is the first time in Google's history that Google has partnered with another brand for Android mascot. Yes Yes Google did a very great marketing campaign done with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run in low-end hardware and older hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models. They also got more encouragement from them. There were some very special features in mejud, which I mentioned below.
Unified Hangouts app
Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
Android 5.0 L
When Android L was going to be released, it was quite a whisper among the people about its name, it was Licorice, no Lemonhead, so someone was giving it the name of Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was named Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in that it was not only Mehzud earlier.
Improved Material Design, with its best colorful interfaces, playful transitions and more.
Multitasking was redefined so that it could work even better
Some changes were made in Notification so that you can see all the notifications in HomeScreen together and can also cancel it.
Best Battery Life
This mobile OS was not limited to phones only, but Android Wear was also promoted so that you could use it in your own hands.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of this Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was just like the last Os in appearance. But some important changes were brought in that it used to do something different. I have mentioned about some such features so that you can get more information about it.
Google Now on Tap with the help of which you can do another job without closing any app. In it you have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will overlay with your current app.
Cut & Paste was slightly improved. So that the user is easy to use.
Voice Search could be done only by camera and emergency call only with the Direct Lock Screen, but voice search can also be easily done with it now.
Google Setting in One Place
For Smart Lock Passwords
Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings> Battery> Battery Optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
New UI tuner setting
With this you can easily edit Quick Setting Menu
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released on October 4, 2016 with Google's Pixel (Pixel XL) phones. There were many exciting features in this, which were not previously in the Android versions.
Night Light by which you can easily fall in the night without trouble
Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this you just have to swipe across your finger across the screen
Daydream VR Mode
Circular app icons support
It also provided some special features for Google's Pixel users. for example
Unlimited photo best pixel / Google video/ Photos backup
Pixel Camera app
Smart Storage as soon as the storage is over, the storage destroys the old backup so that the new store can be done.
Phone / Chat support
Dynamic calendar date icon.
Android 8.0 OREO
This is a very good Android Os update which has been replaced by a new update, if I say more about it, then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released in August 18, 2017. At the moment, you can use it in a few devices, such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. and the rest of the SmartPhones will be made available until the end of 2017. Now let's know what new features are there in this Android update.
Enhanced Battery Life
Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and you have to send an email then you can do this easily
Smart Text Selection
Notification Dots in which if a new notification is received in an app, then it will look over it
Better Google Assistant
New Autofill feature
Wi-Fi Awareness will start your own mobile in a wifi zone itself.
More Safe and Secure
Android 9.0 Pie
Now is the latest Android OS update. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie, but only digital detox elements excluding.
Other updates to these Android smart phones, such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential, will be available within a few months. Google itself has said that all these devices are part of their Beta programme.
Now let's know what new features are there in this Android update.
Adaptive Battery: Adaptive Battery is used in it, which uses machine learning to make apps efficiently. Apart from this, apps are used in the energy-efficient manner, so that they are ON ONLY when the user does not use them, they live in inactive condition.
Adaptive Brightness: It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and it makes those adjustments in background only for you.
App Actions: This is a very new feature in which the OS can predict itself above the user's app usage, what actions will you takes forward. This app can cancel predictions.
Android Dashboard: It is designed specifically to understand the habits of the user, which can provide you a meaningful engagement. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. With it, it gives you control over how and when you are spending your time.
App Timer: This feature gives you control over how long you want to use your apps, they give you notification when the time is over. This is going to be very important for those people who want to make the right use of their time.
Slush Gesture: With this feature you can turn your phone into automatic Do Not Disturb mode.
Wind down Mode: In this feature, you just have to tell Google Assistant about your time of sleep and when the time is near, it automatically turn Do Not Disturb and turn on your screen's grayscale mode.
Do Android updates cost money?
Downloading and installing Android updates is absolutely free. By updating you can find many new features in your mobile phone. And with each update there is an increase in the speed and performance of your Android phones. Mostly new and high-end Android Phones, you can find the latest Android updates. Yes, let's assume that you will find at least one update in all Android phones and you can get updates twice in any phone.
What is Android's Biggest Competitors Apple and Windows Phone
Apple is the biggest competitor of Android but with this Windows Phone has joined the race now. Slowly right, Windows Phone is also expanding its foot and is developing itself according to a reputable mobile ecosystem. Considering that even today the first choice of people in the market is Apple and Android phones, Windows Phone also wanted to increase the curiosity among people by giving a good camera to Nokia Mobiles.
Apple started both Smartphone and Tablet industries together when they released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010. Both of them were not only good in the market, but they also got a lot of support from the people. In the same way, Android has also got a great deal of control over the whole world. Even if we talk about popularity, Apple is still performing better than Android. In the same way, if they are kept in a lesser number than popular, then the first number of Apple's second android and the third place can be placed in Windows.
This "Open Source" model makes Android unique
The biggest competition for Android SmartPhones and Tablets comes in the Apple iPhone and iPad. The biggest difference between the two operating systems is that Android's OS Open Source is free and Apple's iOS is completely closed, meaning that nothing can be teased. For example, in iOS we cannot replace the default browser with Safari as Google Chrome. In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps so that they have a lot of difficulty in using them and you cannot even try something new in it. Being an Open Source in Android, you can use the apps you want in it. The use of these two uses is very old, here in one thing you want to tell people that this is all about Personal Preference. Everything else is up to you to use the type of Smartphone you need.
The future of Android
By the way Android is launching its new product and adopting new technology from the new, Android's future looks very bright. Recently, Google has given predictions about our future with strange gadgets such as Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars. We hope Google is even more successful in this historic step. And to help the common people, create even better things.
I sincerely hope that I gave you complete information about what people are Android I hope you guys will understand about Android. I am convinced of all the readers that you too share this information with your neighbors, relatives, your friends, so that we will be aware of our interactions and will all benefit from it. I need people's support from you so that I can bring you even more new information.